Role Of a Psychologist
Role Of a Psychologist
Commonly psychologist are misunderstood as Psychiatrist. Doctors with a Ph. D. or Doctor of Psychology (Psy.D.) in psychology are called psychologists. Although a Master’s degree is sufficient for a few specialities, generally a doctoral degree is required. Psychologists are not the same as psychiatrists. Although they both treat mental health conditions, psychiatrists can prescribe medication for patients, whereas psychologists cannot. This is because psychiatrists are medical doctors, M.D.s. Therefore, psychiatrists focus on the physiological cause of a condition and psychologists focus on emotions and thought process. Psychology as the science of behaviour and mental processes emphasises training and knowledge about such aspects (e.g. development over the lifespan, learning, motivations, experiences, emotions, cognition, social behaviour and attitudes, personality etc). Moreover, it strives to understand how biological, behavioural, and social factors influence health and illness.
They are equipped with training, skills, and knowledge to understand how basic behavioural and cognitive processes (e.g. cognition. emotion, motivation, development, personality, social and cultural interaction) prepare the body to develop dysfunctions. They are trained, on the other hand, to perceive how these behavioural and cognitive functions are altered, the factors that contribute to their alteration, and how these dysfunctions are diagnosed and treated. In dealing with such problems, they are also trained and skilled to use several psychological, psycho diagnostic and psycho therapeutic techniques which help and affect the abilities of individuals to function in diverse settings and roles. In addition, they help people to modify their behaviour and lifestyle so as to prevent and recover from health problems.
The functions of a psychologist depend on the speciality of the psychologist. Generally, psychologists conduct evaluations and psychological testing to diagnosis patients. They provide what is referred to as “talk therapy.” This can occur on an individual or one-to-one basis or in a group. School psychologists mainly conduct intelligence, aptitude and psychological testing. IQ tests and personality inventories are commonly used to determine if a learning or emotional disability exists. Research or experimental psychologists may conduct studies via lab experiments or surveying a specific population. Counselling psychologists may provide therapy during times of adjustments to major life changes such as being fired, getting divorced or losing a loved. They develop treatment plans and may engage in role-playing to help individuals modify their behaviour.
In its primary form, psychology studies people—who and what they are. It looks into why they act and think the way they do and how someone can improve himself or herself. Therefore, everything a person does is connected to the subject.Psychology allows people to understand more about how the body and mind work together. This knowledge can help with decision-making and avoiding stressful situations. It can help with time management, setting and achieving goals, and living effectively.The science not only allows people to be more successful, but it can also impact their health. It helps many tackle their mental illnesses so that they can continue living their lives. Psychological studies have also aided in drug development and the ability to diagnose various diseases
Since psychologists are not medical doctors, they cannot prescribe medications. Although, not all patients require medication to recover, those with biologically based conditions do. Additionally, medication alone may not be sufficient to treat one’s mental health condition. Treatment may require visits to both a psychiatrist and a psychologist.
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